Lesson XVI THE LEG AND SHOE

THE LEG AND SHOETHE PROFILE VIEW OF THE LEG

The profile view of the leg forms a reverse curve, the lower part being set well back of the upper. See Figs. 1 and 2. Fig. 1 is the main outline of the leg, being sketched in with broken lines, thus obtaining the general shape and proportion. Fig. 2 is the modeled leg placed on Fig. 1.

In Figs. 1 and 2 note the vertical line drawn from the upper part to the toes. This shows how far back to place the lower portion. The general direction of the front of the upper portion is out, while the lower part is in, but on this in, you will see a slight out, which does not affect the general direction of the inward curve. The back part of the upper portion is in, but on this also you will see a slight out, which does not change the general direction. The lower portion in the back is a decided out, the calf being a very prominent feature. The knee projects, yet the general direction of this projection slopes toward the back.

Draw Fig. 1, then place Fig. 2 on it carefully. Remember that the muscles of the body form very pretty reverse curves; you must have this feeling in mind in order to obtain the effect. Practice reverse curves with your pencil, going back and forth over the lines. Much practice of this kind will give grace to your work.

THE FRONT VIEW OF THE LEG

The general direction of this view of the leg is in, and yet at the knee and below it, the leg takes the outward direction. The foot also points out. All parts of the inner side are nearly on a line.
The leg is composed of many intricate muscles,    them    only    being    mentioned here.

The vastus interrim (VI) is on the inside and is low, while the vastus externus (VE) is on the outside and is high. The knee fits between these muscles and the lower part of the leg.

Study the lower part of the leg, notice how much higher the outside is than the inside. At the ankle this is reversed, the inside ankle being higher than the outside.

THE BACK VIEW OF THE LEG

In the back view of the leg the lower part is back of the upper; see the vertical line. The foot is partly hidden and is foreshortened. Get the direction of all lines of the foot as it is lost behind the leg.

Draw Fig. 5 and place Fig. 6 on it.

Draw Figs. 1, 3, and 5, noting the cross lines.

Keep these drawings for reference. Make other drawings of these figures* on which place Figs. 2, 4, and 6.

SHOES

In the five different positions of the shoe which are given here, the direction of lines is the essential point, so the lines are broken.

When drawing from the chart leave all breaks, but when making a finished drawing connect the lines.

THE FRONT VIEW OF THE SHOE

On the front view of the shoe note the direction of the log, then of the foot as it comes toward you, the heel in this view being lost. The outer curve of the shoe is longer and more prominent than the inner. There are three planes on the shoe which show most distinctly where the vamp and tip are sewed. The inside ankle is very prominent while the outside one is lost.

THE SIDE VIEW OF THE SHOE

Note all breaks and curves on this shoe and make the heel fit well under the foot. The top line curves down and the heel is on a line with the sole.

When drawing a slipper, make it look dainty and like a slipper, not like a rubber.

THE BaCK VIEW OF THE SHOE

In the back view of the shoe the top line curves up, not down. The foot being turned away from you, it is foreshortened and the vamp does not appear as long as in the other views. Note the line of direction as, the foot recedes. The leg
breaks into the instep, showing that it is nearer to you than the instep.

Note the plane at the back of the shoe and the two planes on the heel. The heel does not appear as far under the loot as in the side view.

THE THREE-QUARTER VIEW OF THE SHOE

In the three-quarter view of the shoe the heel is almost lost. Get the three planes on the vamp and tip, also the center line. This shoe is not resting evenly on the ground, the toe only touching it. When the shoe is pointing slightly toward you, the inside of the heel is seen.

When drawing a black shoe, mark with pencil the place to be inked in, leaving high lights for the shape of the shoe, at the edge (except on the dark side) and on the sole.

Notk.—The next lesson advisee the student to study books on anatomy. There are many books or. this subject and from each one the student will learn something. Do not confine yourself to one book.

Study from these books just how the bones of the leg fit under the .-surface. It will be excellent practice.

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